Gli attentati di Madrid nella stampa italiana
| COMUNICAZIONI SOCIALI - 2008 - 3. Il dito e la luna. Rappresentazioni mediali e costruzione sociale della realtà
The article gives an account of a research on the information treatment given to the attacks of Madrid happened
on March 11 th 2004 by four national daily papers.
In the first days after the attacks it is verifiable a predictable massive coverage of the facts, that joins
the newspapers taken into consideration. In parallel, a universalist isotope transversally dominates, founded
upon the humanitarian rhetoric: the description both oral and iconic of the innocent victims, the definition of
the terrorist acts in themselves as anti-human and pre-political actions. In the initial phase of the information,
the narrative and commented registers are open to a plurality of interpretative hypothesis. This, however,
leaves well soon the place to some choices on which the headings are markedly divided. If in fact the victims
are universally innocent, and the solidarity with them can only be immediate, the executioners’ identification
brings along political interpretation and different results in journalistic attitudes.
We find therefore a narrative formulation, founded upon investigation and mystery, strong in a newspapers
such as «Repubblica», in which the talent for detective journalism is stronger.
It occurs then a diplomatic attitude, of disenchanted comment, as far as possible, in which what is
reconstructed is the International scenery, with particular reference to the fight of the democratic countries
against global terrorism; the «Corriere della Sera» seems to privilege this perspective.
Finally there is a political-ideological attitude, which slowly brings the themes to an ideological
scenery applicable to Italian history.
«The Giornale» and «the Manifesto» are inserted in this discursive choice: therefore, the victims and
the executioners continually exchange their place and the proximity between the Spanish government of
Aznar and the Italian one of Berlusconi are read only as one front (to be supported in «the Giornale»’s opinion,
to be fought in «the manifesto»’s opinion).
The defeat of Aznar becomes the pre-figuration of Silvio Berlusconi’s defeat. The scene changes, the
victims, slowly fade away.