Dal teatro di gruppo alle residenze teatrali. Società, comunità, territorio in Piemonte
| COMUNICAZIONI SOCIALI - 2007 - 3. Comunità in atto. Conflitti globali, interazioni locali, drammaturgie sociali
From the second half of the century, the history of theatre in Italy has been built around the concept of Theater
as a public service. Through the foundation of the Teatri Stabili, the Italian society has put the focus of attention
on the value of theatre as a cultural public service, addressed to the greatest possible number of citizens.
This concept was criticized, from the end of the 1960s, by an entire political and social movement, claiming
for the possibility of a self-managed culture, as an enhancement not only of fruition of these instruments, but
also of production. The 1970s became in this sense the years of the greater experimentation of a new political
and social value of theatre. They are the years of theatrical animation, decentralization, basic groups, theatrical
cooperatives, group theatre, avant-garde Theatre, and of both aesthetic and ethical communities. The
text reconstructs this development trying to highlight the problems which determined the failure of a revolutionary
vision of theatre, trying to identify which of its lines survived in the following decades. It also highlights
which experiences could be meaningful today, in an historical moment in which it is urgent to think of
culture and art as occasions of social cohesion and communitarian reinvention.