La rappresentazione giornalistica di una crisi istituzionale. Il referendum sul Trattato di Lisbona e la crisi dell’Unione europea
| COMUNICAZIONI SOCIALI - 2008 - 3. Il dito e la luna. Rappresentazioni mediali e costruzione sociale della realtà
The article examines the information coverage related to the Irish referendum on the Treaty of Lisbon and to
the crisis of the European Union following the negative answer resulting from this referendum.
The analysis of the communication of the national Tv News and of some daily newspaper shows a discontinuous
course. Before the vote the Italian media have not given a lot of attention to the referendum event
and its possible consequences. After the vote, the attention for the European institutional crisis has been
strong, but only in the moment in which it has exploded. Even considering this «unprecedented», «serious» crisis, «able to paralyse» Europe, in the newspapers and in the News the cycle of life of the news was brief
and based on politics: if the Treaty was in the political agenda, then it was talked about, but in the moment in
which it disappeared from the agenda and from the interventions of the politicians it also disappeared from
News and newspapers.
For what concerns the ways of speaking about the referendum and the crisis of the Ue, in the moment
of great attention the story was dramatized, reported with alarm and apprehension (even though for a brief
period) in all the analyzed headings.
It is meaningful, for our country, that the story was politicized and Italianised. Particularly: a) newspapers
and News have given a reading of the referendum in a key of inside politics; b) the focus has been set
on the debate inter- and intra- parties; c) the comments (especially in the News) have been heard in prevalence
from national political leaders and ministries. For what concerns the journalistic discourse on the crisis
and its protagonists, in the News declarations and comments are delegated to the politicians.
The newspapers seem to privilege the comparison among different positions, the long interview, the
authoritative opinion; comments are given by experts or by the representatives of a precise opinion, journalists
and not. Unlike what happens in the three foreign daily newspapers taken into examination, in Italy the
debate on the Treaty developed inside Ireland is not very deep and the scenario is simplified.