‘Digital divide’ e modellamento sociale delle ICTs
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The concept of the digital divide, on which many institutions and scholars have been focusing since the 1990s, has in most cases been considered in terms of availability of technology, comparing those who have versus those who do not have the opportunity to use Information and Communication Technologies. This vision has delineated a geography of the phenomenon and prompted a series of local measures which do not take into account the true complexity unhomogeneity of the scenario. This essay underlines the need to focus on the use of technology, promoting studies that encompass the sociological, cultural, political and economic framework. Taking into consideration local contexts and people in addition to the purely technological dimension, represents a valid starting point for digital inclusion policies: from the tendency to transfer to disadvantaged regions the media and technologies that have proved to be most successful in the industrialised areas, to strategies aiming at getting individuals and communities able to pursue sustainable development and an improvement in their quality of life. An approach considering ICT not for their own sake but as tools was adopted by the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) held in Geneva in 2003, during which a firm commitment was undertaken to «transform the digital divide into a digital opportunity for everyone».
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