L’utopia post-umanista e la ricerca di un nuovo umanesimo per la società ipercomplessa
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Nowadays, as never before, technology has come to participate in the synthesis of new values and of new evaluation criteria. As well as contributing to the post-humanistic challenge (the new Utopia), technological innovation enables social actors to perform further (irreversible) improvements, reaching higher and higher levels of quality. This paper, therefore, has the following objectives: a) to define the limits of this Hypercomplex (and Interconnected) Society by analysing its risks and implications; b) to propose a hypothetical “New Humanism” for this civilization, a kind of humanism whose main concern is not technique, but “the Person”. At the same time, the current communication ecosystem is causing radical changes in codes, cultures, and in the hierarchical procedures of production and sharing (disintermediation).This authentic, anthropological metamorphosis has several implications regarding cultural paradigms, citizenship and inclusion, all of which heavily influence identity and subjectivity – with many potential variables and concauses. Such a sizeable metamorphosis does not necessarily provide a unique occasion for innovation and social change, but rather risks favouring elites and exclusive social groups. Thus, a hypertechnological civilization requires not only renewed concern about rules and rights, but above all a systemic approach to complexity, uniting both knowledge and skills, which are otherwise kept distant. The interconnected economy requires strategic choices as well as new ethical attention on the problems of social actors, systems of relations, and the importance of knowledge. It follows that a new communication culture is necessary, one which would be open to sharing and understanding, and capable of influencing social mechanisms to develop and favour trust and cooperation. Nevertheless, there is increasing demand for communication to recompose a global context that appears fragmented and chaotic. Only when this kind of communication can be interpreted as a social process of knowledge sharing, i.e. social interaction, will it be able, in all its complexity, to overcome individualistic egoism as well as to connect and enhance the social production of knowledge.
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