Per una storia della tecnologia amatoriale
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This paper is a first step towards a systematic study of amateur movies from the technological point of view. While they follow a marginal path – though, on the temporal level, one that parallels mainstream cinema – amateur movies have existed and developed ever since movies were first invented. There were many attempts by the industry to ‘shrink’ film into a smaller format that would be cheaper and more accessible and extend the market for sales of film together with projectors and movie cameras, but most of them were failures. The historic breakthrough for amateur films came in 1922: the almost simultaneous introduction of safety film in 16mm format by Kodak and 9.5mm by Pathé spread amateur movie-making across the United States and Europe. Then in 1932 came 8mm film, which partly ousted them and remained the standard amateur format until 1965, when Super8 appeared and ushered in home movie-making as a mass phenomenon in some countries until it was pushed aside by video technology.
Towards the Platformization of (Social) Media Memory: Articulating Archive, Assemblage, and Ephemerality
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